New technologies (39)
Articles related to new technologies in the automotive world. Catch up on the world of mechanics.
- Written by Aitor
BP laboratories carried from 5 years ago looking for a new technology that would improve the car's performance. During the process they realized that the dirt was the most important in terms of performance impoverishment refers factor.
- Written by Aitor
The transmission system or automatic transmission is in charge of changing the gear ratio without user intervention when the vehicle is moving. In this way, the driver need not make the change gear manually. In such automatic transmissions, the gear ratios are obtained by epicyclic gears or planetary while in the manuals are performed with the called parallel gears.
How do automatic gearboxes arise?
The first automatic gearboxes arise in 1940, and its goal was twofold: to increase the number of users who could drive, and expand the market for manufacturers. In fact, it was not automatic transmissions 100%, but changed autonomously when the vehicle was already moving. In addition, they are working with a simple hydraulic oil and not with ATF, which did not develop until years later.
Today, the automatic gearbox predominant is hydraulically operated by a fluid coupling or a torque converter and a set of planetary providing the required multiplication. One of the most important components of the automatic transmission is the oil pump which supplies lubricating fluid flow to all components and gears.
How an automatic change work?
The differences from a manual are pretty obvious. While in the manual, the driver must depress the clutch and move the lever on the automatic transmission This operation is performed by the vehicle by a control unit that detects pressure of the gas pedal or brake, and acts automatically to select and the proper gear.
What elements make up an automatic gearbox?
You make it clear to your operation, you must know what is formed parts:
- Torque converter.
- Planetary gear set.
- Bands of friction material for pressing planetary part of the game.
- Game clutches.
- Hydraulic system.
- Oil pump which pressurizes, lubricates and cools.
Types of automatic boxes
You should also know that there is only one typology in this case, so we would like to summarize:
- Torque converter: Mounted in the first automatic transmissions, it is formed by a round housing that comprises two turbines, one connected to the engine and one to the gearbox. When the motor rotates, oil is driven projecting into the turbine. The higher the speed more oil will force that will cause the turbine to rotate the vehicle and start driving. Today it is one of the most reliable in terms of quality and price boxes, and is used in high-powered vehicles.
- Piloted manual gear box: It is a mix between a manual gearbox and an automatic, and is called CMP. It incorporates an internal clutch that automatically triggers the fly. Even with no clutch pedal, should lift the accelerator pedal to the change occur to avoid abrupt change of gear. As a result we get a very similar to the manual transmission but without pressing or change gear response.
- Gearbox continuously variable: It is similar to the torque converter system, but incorporating a development system consisting of two pulleys connected by a chain that transmits engine power to the wheels of the box. Transmissions differ in the diameter on which the chain moves. Its main advantage is that hardly produces retention, so once launched does almost lack accelerate to maintain speed, resulting in a low fuel consumption.
- Direct-shift gearbox: It consists of two automatic gearboxes in one. The first is responsible for the odd gears and the second of the pair, thus changes occur in a matter of milliseconds, much faster than it could change a driver manually. When engaging a gear box, the other is ready to enter the next, so that more smoothly driving and improved consumption is achieved.
Maintenance of automatic gearboxes
It is a fundamental for the proper operation of the vehicle occurring element, it needs maintenance, which involves replacing transmission oil (ATEF) and filter. This must be done with a special machine that makes a complete transfusion fluid for the new ATF into the box changes completely clean and must be entrusted only to professionals.
In Spain, the automatic still not imposed as preferred by drivers. The last reportmade by Ford Motor CompanyIt tells us that 83% of European drivers prefer a manual transmission, and in Spain the figure rises to 95%. Therefore, if we have one, we must turn to industry specialists that guarantee us a correct repair and / or maintenance of the gearbox.
- Written by Aitor
It is well known that proper use of the accelerator pedal can help reduce the consumption of our vehicle but the German manufacturer Bosch wants to go one step further by helping actively.
As we all know an excessive and unnecessary acceleration increases the consumption of our vehicle but how do we know when we are going to throttle us ?, from Bosch make it easy thanks to the active accelerator created by Bosch. This accelerator will warn us by a slight vibration when the system senses that are accelerating more than necessary, thus achieve hold off our car consumption and thus emissions of it.
But the advantages of this asset accelerator does not stop there. The system can be connected with many other safety features of the car, so you can warn other situations that may pose a risk. One of these may be the proximity of a sharp turn, which detects through the navigation system, lane departure or is accelerating too and no risk of collision with the vehicle ahead.
It can also be a useful element in hybrid cars because, in addition to the aforementioned functions, allows the driver know when the combustion engine will start, warning that the acceleration so reduce not produced sudden acceleration. The different types of signals emitted by the accelerator allows the driver to know what kind of advice can so that you can travel much safer.
- Written by Sara Vijandi
Two years ago, researchers at Ford and Heinz are investigating the use of fibers in developing tomato sustainable materials for use in the manufacture of vehicles. Dried tomato skin could become a future cover or wiring compartments for coins and other small items in Ford cars.
- Written by Aitor
Need help to detect faults in your vehicle? Do you could use your mobile phone remind you when you have to do an oil change? Then you can not miss the applications (apps) for mobile that we present below, which, surely, will make life easier.